SOCIETAL OFFENDERS IN PRISON: GLOBAL IN-COUNTRY ANALYSIS BY FRACTALS

Mark S. Borres, Queen Heneylour S. Relatorres, Efren S. Barabat, Rolly G. Salvaleon

Abstract


The paper examined the relationship between a country’s human development index (HDI) and the number of societal offenders in prison (Off. Index) for the country by looking into the variabilities of the data using fractogram or fractal correlation analysis. Result showed that the degree of variability induced by the HDIs tends to decrease the variability of the number incarcerated offenders but number of social offenders vary far greater than suggested by variations in the HDI (like in the case of United States of America). It further revealed that countries belonging to the very high human development index include 1st world countries from the West (with exception to of Asian countries like Singapore, Korea, Japan and Hongkong. Nonetheless, the countries belonging to the low human development index include mostly underdeveloped countries like African nation and some Asian countries like Yemen and Myanmar.

Keywords


human development index, societal offenders in prison, factogram

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References


Padua, R. N. and Borres, M. (2013). “From fractal geometry to fractal statistics”. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Journal of Research, 1 (1).

Padua, R. Palompon, D. and Ontoy, D. (2012). “Data Roughness and Fractal Statistics”. CNU Journal of Higher Education, 6 (1), 87-101.

The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention.

Human Development Report: The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World.

http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/cri_pri-crime-prisoners

www.epw.in/.../human-development-index-trends-1980-2012


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