Tomas M. Austral, Ronelo G. Cablinda


This paper presented the assessment of diversified livelihood option in rain fed communities in terms of socio-economic profile, farm diversification, livelihood options, farmer’s income, farm problems, and identify factors which influence livelihood option. Results revealed rain fed areas practiced conventional farming system, crops ranging from 2-7 and needs to be integrated and diversified on farming system approach. Livelihood option is necessary considering the financial status, geographic condition, and physical environment to augment their family income. Next generation of farmers shall have relevant technical knowledge, abilities, competencies, and develop entrepreneurial skills in order to produce high quality products that compete in the ASEAN and global market. Research and innovation shall be developed to facilitate viable and applicable technology to optimize scarce resources and attaining economic development and food security in the area. Climatic condition in the area needs to be assessed in order to ensure the timing of production activities leading to optimize and efficient use of resources. This research gathers data to related issues in the status of agricultural production to assess appropriate technologies in research development, agricultural policy and structural reforms. With the vast area of 5,155.76 hectare in Agusan del Sur as a potential resource can improve the agricultural production through application of technologies that are simple but viable in rain fed communities.


rain fed, livelihood option, diversification, technologies, farm efficiency

Full Text:



ICRISAT. (2001). Model Training Course on “Impact of Climate Change in Rain fed Agriculture and Adaptation Strategies”. CRIDA, Hyderabad. pp 4-7; 56-58.

Kuwornu, J.K.M., Bashiru, M., and Dumayiri, M. (2014). Farm households’ livelihood diversification into agro-processing and non-agro-processing activities: empirical evidence from Ghana. Information Management and Business Review, 6 (4), 191-199.

Minh, P.Q. (2015). Vision and strategic plan for ASEAN cooperation in food, agriculture, and forestry 2016-2025. ASEAN-OECD Regional Conference on Agriculture. October 2015.

Quizon, A.B., Vargas, D.S., Bravo, M., Garcia, A.G., Monsalud, F.C., Orduna-Manzanilla, D., Ravanera, R., del Rosario, B. & Agarrado, M.T.S. (2005). Participatory Policy Development for the Lowland Rainfed Rice-Based Farming Systems Towards Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: A Case Study on Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Quezon City, Philippines. 163pp.

Wani, S.P., Sreedevi, T.K., Rockström, J. & Ramakrishna, Y.S. (2009). Rainfed agriculture – past trends and future prospects. In Rainfed agriculture: unlocking the potential, ed. S.P. Wani.,J. Rockström, and T. Oweis, 1–35. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Series. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.


  • There are currently no refbacks.