### Ethnomathematics in Mamanwa’s Cultural Sik’lut Game

#### Abstract

Every people in every culture are engaged in different activities exhibiting Mathematical ideas and concepts. A culture-based Mathematics is a salient component to pedagogical practices because it affords educators real-life practices with cultural implications embedded with Mathematical concepts. This in turn contextualizes Mathematics teaching and learning. This study aims to explore the Sik’lut game played by the Mamanwas residing in Dinarawan, San Pablo, Jabonga, Agusan del Sur. This employs a case study utilizing interviews, participant and non-participant observations. Findings revealed that the game reflects mathematical concepts which include; combinatorics, probability and permutation.

#### Keywords

#### Full Text:

PDF#### References

Barton, B. (1996). Ethnomathematics: Exploring cultural diversity in mathematics. Unpublished doctorate dissertation. University of Auckland,

Auckland, New Zealand.

Bishop, A. (1991). Mathematical enculturation: A cultural perspective on mathematics education (Vol. 6). Springer Science & Business Media.

D’ Ambrosio, U. (2007). Peace, social justice and ethnomathematics. The Montana Mathematics Enthusiasts Monograph, 1, 25-34.

Dewah, C. & Van Wyk, M.M. (2014). The place of indigenous cultural games by educators in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Journal

of Human Ecology, 48 (1): 189-197. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09709274.2014.11906788.

François, K. & Van Kerkhove, B. (2010). Ethnomathematics and the philosophy of mathematics (education). In Benedikt Lowe and Thomas Muller (eds.). PhiMSAMP. Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspects and Mathematical Practice. College Publications, London. Texts in Philosophy 11: 121–154.

Gilmer, G. (1990). Ethnomathematical approach to curriculum development. ISGEm-News-letter 5(2), 4-5.

Ladson-Billings, G. (1995). Toward a theory of culturally relevant pedagogy. American Educational Research Journal, 32 (3), 465-491.

Ona, M.I., Oronce, O. A. & Santos, G. C. (1996). Mathematics IV concepts, structures, and methods for high school. Rex Book Store, Inc.

Powell, A. & Frankenstein, M. (1997).Ethnomathematical praxis in the curriculum. In A. Powell & M. Frankenstein (eds.), Ethnomathematics, Challenging Eurocentrism in Mathematics Education (pp. 249-259). Albany: State University of New York Press.

Rosa, M., & Orey, D.C. (2006). Current approaches in the ethnomathematics as a program: Delineating a path toward pedagogical action. BOLEMA, 19 (26): 19-48.

Selling, S.K. (2016). Making mathematical practices explicit in urban middle and high school mathematics classrooms. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 47(5), 505-551. doi:10.5951/jresematheduc.47.5.0505

Snipes, V. & Moses, P. (2001). Linking mathematics and culture to teach geometry concepts. LTM Journal Louisiana Association of Teacher of Mathematics, 1(1), 1-17. Available at http://www.lamath.org/journal/Vol1/LinkCult.pdf.

Schwandt, T.A., Lincoln, Y.S. & Guba, E.G. (2007). Judging interpretations: But is it rigorous? Trustworthiness and authenticity in naturalistic evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation, 2007(114), 11-25. doi: 10.1002/ev.223.

Torres-Velasquez, D. & Lobo, G. (2004). Culturally responsive mathematics teaching and english language learners. Teaching Children

Mathematics, 11: 249-255. Available at http://karolyeatts.com/Math/Resources/culturallyresponsivemathandell.pdf.

Walpole, R.E., Myers, R.H., Myers, S.L. & Ye, K. (1993). Probability and statistics for engineers and scientists. 8th Edition. New York: Macmillan. 811pp.

Way, J. (2011). Learning mathematics through games series: 1. why games? NRICH: Enriching Mathematics. University of Cambridge.

Willoughby, K.W. (1990). Technology choice a critique of the appropriate technology movement. Boulder and San Francisco: Westview Press. 350pp.

Zaslavsky, C. (1998). Ethnomathematics and multicultural mathematics education. Teaching Children Mathematics, 4(9), 502-503.

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.